以下摘自wikipedia

Modern Linux distributions include a /run directory as a temporary filesystem (tmpfs) which stores volatile runtime data, following the FHS version 3.0. According to the FHS version 2.3, such data were stored in /var/run but this was a problem in some cases because this directory isn’t always available at early boot. As a result, these programs have had to resort to trickery, such as using /dev/.udev, /dev/.mdadm, /dev/.systemd or /dev/.mount directories, even though the device directory isn’t intended for such data.[19] Among other advantages, this makes the system easier to use normally with the root filesystem mounted read-only.

/run是一个临时文件系统,存储系统启动以来的信息。当系统重启时,这个目录下的文件应该被删掉或清除。如果你的系统上有/var/run目录,应该让它指向run。参看SuSE 12的实现:

# df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
......
tmpfs           431M  7.1M  424M   2% /run
......

# ls -lt /var/run
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 Nov  5 21:14 /var/run -> /run