Nan Xiao's Blog

A system software / performance engineer's home

Singapore FreeBSD User Group

Singapore FreeBSD User Group:

Include “stdio.h” before Readline library header files

I install Readline library and write a simple program to play with it:

#include <readline/readline.h>
#include <readline/history.h>

int main(void)
    char *line_read = readline (">>  ");
    if (line_read && *line_read)
        add_history (line_read);

Build it will generate following errors:

In file included from /usr/include/readline/readline.h:35:0,
                 from readline.c:3:
/usr/include/readline/rltypedefs.h:71:28: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
 typedef int rl_getc_func_t PARAMS((FILE *));
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:429:20: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
 extern int rl_getc PARAMS((FILE *));
In file included from readline.c:3:0:
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:558:8: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
 extern FILE *rl_instream;
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:559:8: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
 extern FILE *rl_outstream;
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:588:8: error: unknown type name 'rl_getc_func_t'
 extern rl_getc_func_t *rl_getc_function;
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:917:3: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
   FILE *inf;
/usr/include/readline/readline.h:918:3: error: unknown type name 'FILE'
   FILE *outf;

The solution is including <stdio.h> before Readline library’s header files:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <readline/readline.h>
#include <readline/history.h>

Use Ctxt::isCorrect() to check Ctxt valid in using HElib

During using HElib, if the calculation made Ctxt‘s noise too big, it will cause Ctxt can’t be decrypted successfully, and the decrypted result is messy like this:

333317397173303 1016371194582039 217550837977960
737191953777559 1103851234911944 454685807668230
625213263895453 743713807221034 1036409711005678
447878070619549 603715795412661 948856958008786

You can leverage Ctxt::isCorrect() method to check whether Ctxt is still valid or not:

std::cout << "Ctxt is valid: " << c.isCorrect() << '\n';

Maybe the bug in EncryptedArray’s shift function.

The subtleties of writing DTrace scripts

(1) Assume you write your DTrace script on Windows and run it on Unix. Because Windows uses \r\n as EOL while Unix uses \n, if you execute it directly, following complain will occur:

: No such file or directory

The solution is to apply dos2unix to convert file format before playing it.

(2) The shebang line of script only accepts 1 argument, and -s option must be the last. For example:

#!/usr/sbin/dtrace -sq

Will generate following error:

dtrace: failed to open q: No such file or directory

While “#!/usr/sbin/dtrace -qs” will be OK. To make additional options take effect, please use #pragma directive:

#pragma D option ...

Does DTrace script only support “#pragma D option ..”, not “-x option”?.

The “***Exception: Illegal” error of running googletest

Today, a college told me his project testcases (using googletest) run failed with following errors:

1/6 Test #1: AddTest ....................***Exception: Illegal  1.70 sec

I am not familiar with his work nor an expert of googletest, but interested about this exception. After some searching, I bumped into the words from thispost:

Given that the GROMACS build system enabled AVX2 SIMD on your VM which seems to not support anything above SSE2, it’s not a surprise that the first math instruction crashes the run.

Immediate solution: set -DGMX_SIMD=SSE2 when configuring.

So my buddy seemed meet the similar problem. After discussing with him, he confirmed his server is also a virtual machine and his issue is the same root cause. To satisfy my own curiosity, I download tfhe whose testcases use AVX and FMA while my machine can only support SSE. Run “make test“:

# make test
Running tests...
Test project /root/Project/tfhe/build
    Start 1: unittests-nayuki-portable
1/4 Test #1: unittests-nayuki-portable ........   Passed    8.59 sec
    Start 2: unittests-nayuki-avx
2/4 Test #2: unittests-nayuki-avx .............***Exception: Illegal  2.88 sec
    Start 3: unittests-spqlios-avx
3/4 Test #3: unittests-spqlios-avx ............***Exception: Illegal  2.86 sec
    Start 4: unittests-spqlios-fma
4/4 Test #4: unittests-spqlios-fma ............***Exception: Illegal  2.85 sec

25% tests passed, 3 tests failed out of 4

Total Test time (real) =  17.19 sec

The following tests FAILED:
          2 - unittests-nayuki-avx (ILLEGAL)
          3 - unittests-spqlios-avx (ILLEGAL)
          4 - unittests-spqlios-fma (ILLEGAL)
Errors while running CTest
make: *** [Makefile:95: test] Error 8

We can see “Exception: Illegal” errors are reported again.

How to harness company’s resource?

As an employee, it is no doubt that we should spare no effort to contribute to your employer since it pays us salary. But at the same time, we should also consider how to utilise the company’s resource to enrich ourselves. After all, only if we become more competent and brilliant, the company can benefit more from us, and this will be a definitely win-win situation. In this post, I will illuminate how to take advantage of company’s “hardware” and “software” resource.

(1) “Hardware resource”: The company has many equipments and devices which the single person can’t afford. During my work in Aicent, we have servers embedded with SPARC processor. X86 processor is ubiquitous whilst SPARC is not so common, so I have a very precious opportunity to learn about this RISC architecture: its instruction set, register window, etc. Another example is in HP/HPE, where I can harness the best servers in this world, this is a really amazing experience! As my manager said, the intranet has all the materials about HP/HPE server, and no one has said you can’t learn it. So whether exploit this treasure or not totally depends on yourself.

(2) “Software resource”: Without working in the same company, you may not recognize your current colleagues, so please cherish this luck. You should always try to “steal” knowledge from your partners. For example, A previous HP/HPE fellow is an expert in Linux, and we has the cooperation in a performance tuning task. During the whole work, I tried my best to learn many skills in profiling and taming Linux from him, and the gain still take effect to date. The other instance is many companies may provide training or online courses. So grab these chances!

Hope everyone can fulfil his own work and improve yourself at the same time! Good luck!

Page 1 of 24

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén