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Tag: docker (Page 1 of 2)

Build the newest Docker environment

This tutorial explains how to build the newest Docker environment. My host is Ubuntu 16.04.1, and it is already shipped withDocker 1.12.0:

# systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d
   └─http-proxy.conf
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2016-08-09 03:49:08 EDT; 3min 24s ago
 Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 30465 (dockerd)
Tasks: 26
   Memory: 36.5M
  CPU: 2.394s
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
   ├─30465 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd://
   └─30473 docker-containerd -l unix:///var/run/docker/libcontainerd/docker-containerd.sock --shim docker-containerd-shim --metrics

Aug 09 03:49:08 ubuntu dockerd[30465]: time="2016-08-09T03:49:08.114671045-04:00" level=info msg="Graph migration to content-addressability
......
# docker version
Client:
 Version:  1.12.0
 API version:  1.24
 Go version:   go1.6.3
 Git commit:   8eab29e
 Built:Thu Jul 28 22:11:10 2016
 OS/Arch:  linux/amd64

Server:
 Version:  1.12.0
 API version:  1.24
 Go version:   go1.6.3
 Git commit:   8eab29e
 Built:Thu Jul 28 22:11:10 2016
 OS/Arch:  linux/amd64

(1) The prerequisite is the Go environment is ready on your host, and GOPATH environment variable is also set. If not, please follow thisdocument to setup.

(2) Download the newest Docker code:

# go get -d -u github.com/docker/docker
package github.com/docker/docker: no buildable Go source files in /go/src/github.com/docker/docker

Build the Docker:

# cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/docker/docker/
# make DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS="--build-arg http_proxy=http://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/ --build-arg https_proxy=https://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/" DOCKER_DEBUG=1

Because my host works behind proxy, I need to specify proxy address in command line. Whether adding DOCKER_DEBUG or not depends on your personal flavor.

(3) After above building process succeeds, backup old Docker files:

# systemctl stop docker
# cd /usr/bin
# mkdir backup_docker
# mv docker* backup_docker

(4) Change back to $GOPATH/src/github.com/docker/docker/, and copy new Docker binaries:

# cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/docker/docker/
# cd bundles/latest/
# ls
binary-client  binary-daemon

binary-client contains Docker executable file:

# cd binary-client/
# ls
docker  docker-1.13.0-dev  docker-1.13.0-dev.md5  docker-1.13.0-dev.sha256
# cp docker /usr/bin/

Then copy Docker daemon related files:

# cd ../binary-daemon/
# ls
docker-containerd             docker-containerd.sha256       dockerd-1.13.0-dev         docker-proxy-1.13.0-dev.md5
docker-containerd-ctr         docker-containerd-shim         dockerd-1.13.0-dev.md5     docker-proxy-1.13.0-dev.sha256
docker-containerd-ctr.md5     docker-containerd-shim.md5     dockerd-1.13.0-dev.sha256  docker-runc
docker-containerd-ctr.sha256  docker-containerd-shim.sha256  docker-proxy               docker-runc.md5
docker-containerd.md5         dockerd                        docker-proxy-1.13.0-dev    docker-runc.sha256
# cp docker-containerd docker-containerd-ctr docker-containerd-shim docker-runc dockerd docker-proxy /usr/bin/

(5) Restart Docker and check it:

# systemctl start docker
# systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d
           └─http-proxy.conf
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2016-08-09 04:26:16 EDT; 9s ago
     Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 4961 (dockerd)
    Tasks: 24
   Memory: 13.6M
      CPU: 367ms
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           ├─4961 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd://
           └─4968 docker-containerd -l unix:///var/run/docker/libcontainerd/docker-containerd.sock --shim docker-containerd-shim --metrics-

Aug 09 04:26:15 ubuntu dockerd[4961]: time="2016-08-09T04:26:15.795281048-04:00" level=info msg="Graph migration to content-addressability
......
# docker version
Client:
 Version:      1.13.0-dev
 API version:  1.25
 Go version:   go1.6.3
 Git commit:   b2b41b2
 Built:        Tue Aug  9 07:49:54 2016
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64

Server:
 Version:      1.13.0-dev
 API version:  1.25
 Go version:   go1.6.3
 Git commit:   b2b41b2
 Built:        Tue Aug  9 07:49:54 2016
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64

Now you are playing the freshest Docker! Enjoy it!

 

Build docker from source behind proxy

If you want to build Docker from source like this:

# git clone https://github.com/docker/docker.git
# cd docker
# make

But your working server is actually behind a proxy, I think you may run into errors as the follows:

# make
mkdir bundles
docker build  -t "docker-dev:master" -f "Dockerfile" .
Sending build context to Docker daemon 145.8 MB
Step 1 : FROM debian:jessie
 ---> f854eed3f31f
Step 2 : RUN apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61  || apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61
 ---> Running in fede03b56767
Executing: gpg --ignore-time-conflict --no-options --no-default-keyring --homedir /tmp/tmp.MjO7kIEOm8 --no-auto-check-trustdb --trust-model always --primary-keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-security-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-stable.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-squeeze-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-squeeze-stable.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-wheezy-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-wheezy-stable.gpg --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61
gpg: requesting key F6B0FC61 from hkp server p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net
gpgkeys: key E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61 can't be retrieved
gpg: no valid OpenPGP data found.
gpg: Total number processed: 0
Executing: gpg --ignore-time-conflict --no-options --no-default-keyring --homedir /tmp/tmp.6clUfj4AwL --no-auto-check-trustdb --trust-model always --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg --primary-keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-security-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-jessie-stable.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-squeeze-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-squeeze-stable.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-wheezy-automatic.gpg --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/debian-archive-wheezy-stable.gpg --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61
gpg: requesting key F6B0FC61 from hkp server pgp.mit.edu
gpgkeys: key E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61 can't be retrieved
gpg: no valid OpenPGP data found.
gpg: Total number processed: 0
The command '/bin/sh -c apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61 || apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 --recv-keys E871F18B51E0147C77796AC81196BA81F6B0FC61' returned a non-zero code: 2
Makefile:70: recipe for target 'build' failed
make: *** [build] Error 1

Or:

......
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y       apparmor        apt-utils       aufs-tools      automake        bash-completion   binutils-mingw-w64       bsdmainutils    btrfs-tools     build-essential         clang   createrepo      curl    dpkg-sig        gcc-mingw-w64      git     iptables        jq      libapparmor-dev         libcap-dev      libltdl-dev     libsqlite3-dev  libsystemd-journal-dev  libtool    mercurial       net-tools       pkg-config      python-dev      python-mock     python-pip      python-websocket        ubuntu-zfs xfsprogs        libzfs-dev      tar     zip     --no-install-recommends         && pip install awscli==1.10.15
 ---> Running in 37080c364862
Get:1 http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease [8127 B]
Get:2 http://httpredir.debian.org jessie InRelease [8127 B]
Get:3 http://security.debian.org jessie/updates InRelease [8127 B]
Splitting up /var/lib/apt/lists/partial/ppa.launchpad.net_zfs-native_stable_ubuntu_dists_trusty_InRelease into data and signature failedIgn http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease
E: GPG error: http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease: Clearsigned file isn't valid, got 'NODATA' (does the network require authentication?)
The command '/bin/sh -c apt-get update && apt-get install -y    apparmor        apt-utils       aufs-tools      automake        bash-completion    binutils-mingw-w64      bsdmainutils    btrfs-tools     build-essential         clang   createrepo      curl    dpkg-sig        gcc-mingw-w64      git     iptables        jq      libapparmor-dev         libcap-dev      libltdl-dev     libsqlite3-dev  libsystemd-journal-dev     libtool         mercurial       net-tools       pkg-config      python-dev      python-mock     python-pip      python-websocket  ubuntu-zfs       xfsprogs        libzfs-dev      tar     zip     --no-install-recommends         && pip install awscli==1.10.15' returned a non-zero code: 100
make: *** [build] Error 1

These reports can make you crazy!

The solution is adding proxy into Dockerfile which resides in the root directory of Docker folder:

......
FROM debian:jessie
ENV http_proxy http://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/
ENV https_proxy https://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/
......

Then the make progress will be smooth!

P.S., after discussing in reddit, the correct and idiomatic method should be this:

make DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS="--build-arg http_proxy=http://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/ --build-arg https_proxy=https://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/"

Deploy Docker Swarm cluster on one host

Sometimes, you just want to learn the internal mechanics of Docker Swarm, but unfortunately there is only one Linux box at hand, and you don’t want to bother to install Virtual Machines on it. In this scenario, you certainly can build a Docker Swarm cluster on one host, and this tutorial will provide a detailed guide:

(1) Make sure the Go environment has been ready on your system, if not, please follow this document to setup it. Also remember add$GOPATH/bin into $PATH environment variable.

(2) Install Docker Swarm:

# go get -u github.com/docker/swarm

Execute swarm command to check whether Docker Swarm is well equipped:

# swarm
Usage: swarm [OPTIONS] COMMAND [arg...]

A Docker-native clustering system

Version: 1.2.3 (HEAD)

Options:
  --debug                       debug mode [$DEBUG]
  --log-level, -l "info"        Log level (options: debug, info, warn, error, fatal, panic)
  --experimental                enable experimental features
  --help, -h                    show help
  --version, -v                 print the version
......

(3) Modify the Docker configuration file. E.g., on my RHEL 7, the file is /etc/sysconfig/docker:

# systemctl show docker
......
EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/docker (ignore_errors=yes)
......

Add “-H tcp://127.0.0.1:2375” in OPTIONS field:

# cat /etc/sysconfig/docker
# /etc/sysconfig/docker

# Modify these options if you want to change the way the docker daemon runs
OPTIONS='--selinux-enabled -H tcp://127.0.0.1:2375 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock'

Restart Docker, and check whether the new OPTIONS takes effect:

# systemctl restart docker
# systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2016-06-08 12:32:19 CST; 10s ago
     Docs: http://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 14429 (sh)
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           ├─14429 /bin/sh -c /usr/bin/docker-current daemon $OPTIONS            $DOCKER_STORAGE_OPTIONS            $DOCKER_NETWORK_OPTI...
           ├─14430 /usr/bin/docker-current daemon --selinux-enabled -H tcp://127.0.0.1:2375 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock --add-registr...
           └─14431 /usr/bin/forward-journald -tag docker
......

(4) Run “swarm create” command to create token for the cluster:

# swarm create
d10eacbda9763b0740548a2a4c2f1a59

(5) Execute swarm join to create a Docker Swarm node:

# swarm join --addr 127.0.0.1:2375 token://d10eacbda9763b0740548a2a4c2f1a59
INFO[0000] Registering on the discovery service every 1m0s...  addr=127.0.0.1:2375 discovery=token://d10eacbda9763b0740548a2a4c2f1a59
......

You should notice that the argument of --addr option is the IP and port of the Docker engine on this host. Since we have set theOPTIONS in Docker configuration file in step 3, the IP should be 127.0.0.1 whilst port is 2375.

(6) Open a new terminal, and create the manager of the cluster. Because port 2375 is occupied by Docker engine, we use another available port:

# swarm manage -H 127.0.0.1:3375 token://d10eacbda9763b0740548a2a4c2f1a59
INFO[0000] Listening for HTTP                            addr=127.0.0.1:3375 proto=tcp
INFO[0001] Registered Engine localhost.localdomain at 127.0.0.1:2375

Through the log, you can see the node and manager have communicated successfully.

Now, you can think a Docker engine is listening on tcp://127.0.0.1:3375, but actually, there is one Docker cluster behindtcp://127.0.0.1:3375, even though the cluster has only one node. You can play docker client commands now, such as get the cluster info:

# docker -H tcp://127.0.0.1:3375 info
Containers: 0
Images: 5
Server Version: swarm/1.2.3
Role: primary
Strategy: spread
Filters: health, port, containerslots, dependency, affinity, constraint
Nodes: 1
 localhost.localdomain: 127.0.0.1:2375
  └ ID: ZUIV:BMPV:3B5R:2WBC:JXEI:2S6H:XM3H:66W5:UZQI:NJON:JY4T:HIFB
  └ Status: Healthy
  └ Containers: 0 (0 Running, 0 Paused, 0 Stopped)
  └ Reserved CPUs: 0 / 8
  └ Reserved Memory: 0 B / 12.1 GiB
  └ Labels: executiondriver=native-0.2, kernelversion=3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64, operatingsystem=Red Hat Network, storagedriver=devicemapper
  └ UpdatedAt: 2016-06-08T04:58:05Z
  └ ServerVersion: 1.9.1
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64
......

Or run a container:

# docker -H tcp://127.0.0.1:3375 run hello-world

Hello from Docker.
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

To generate this message, Docker took the following steps:
 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon.
......

Enjoy Docker Swarm now!

Reference:
Swarm docs;
Docker Swarm Tutorial and Examples.

 

Install docker on Ubuntu 14.04

If you want to play docker on Ubuntu 14.04, please pay attention to the installation instruction: it is “apt-get install docker.io“, not “apt-get install docker“. You can find the difference between them by following command:

# apt-cache search docker
......
docker - System tray for KDE3/GNOME2 docklet applications
......
docker.io - Linux container runtime
......

OK! Since you have set up docker successfully, you can check its process now:

# ps -ef | grep docker
root       4715      1  0 13:22 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/docker -d
root       4857   4691  0 13:50 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto docker
# pstree -ps 4715
init(1)───docker(4715)─┬─{docker}(4717)
                       ├─{docker}(4722)
                       ├─{docker}(4723)
                       ├─{docker}(4724)
                       ├─{docker}(4734)
                       ├─{docker}(4754)
                       ├─{docker}(4762)
                       ├─{docker}(4769)
                       └─{docker}(4793)

You can use “service start docker” and “service stop docker” to start and stop docker daemon.

If your host runs behind proxy, you may meet problems when pulling image:

# docker run hell-world
Unable to find image 'hell-world:latest' locally
Pulling repository hell-world
FATA[0005] Get https://index.docker.io/v1/repositories/library/hell-world/images: x509: certificate is valid for FG3K6C3A15800021, not index.docker.io

The solution is add proxy configurations in /etc/default/docker:

......
# If you need Docker to use an HTTP proxy, it can also be specified here.
export http_proxy="http://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/"
export https_proxy="https://web-proxy.corp.xxxxxx.com:8080/"
......

Then you can download images successfully:

# docker run hello-world
Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from hello-world
d59cd4c39e50: Pull complete
f1d956dc5945: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:4f32210e234b4ad5cac92efacc0a3d602b02476c754f13d517e1ada048e5a8ba
Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest

Hello from Docker.
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.
......

Now that all the preparations are ready, please enjoy playing docker!

 

Fix “ORA-03114: not connected to ORACLE” error

I utilize docker-oracle12c to run Oracle in docker, and bind specified CPU and memory:

docker run -d -it --cpuset-cpus=xx-xx,xx-xxx  --cpuset-mems=x,x ... 

All containers run OK but one Oracle database is always created failed, and the error log is:

ORA-03114: not connected to ORACLE

After tough debugging, the reason is the memory on specified NUMA node is not enough:

# numactl -H
......
node 2 size: 786432 MB
node 2 free: xxxxx MB

node 3 size: 786432 MB
node 3 free: xxxxx MB

The solution is disable HugePages temporarily:

# cat /etc/sysctl.conf
......
vm.nr_hugepages=0
......
# sysctl -p

After creating database, enable HugePages again:

# cat /etc/sysctl.conf
......
vm.nr_hugepages=xxxxxx
......
# sysctl -p

 

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