Fix “error while loading shared libraries: libalpm.so.10” on ArchLinux

Today, when I tried to use yaourt to install some software, the following error happened:

......
package-query: error while loading shared libraries: libalpm.so.10: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

The root cause is the libalpm in system is already libalpm.so.11:

$ ls -lt /usr/lib/libalpm.so*
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root     17 Jun  1 00:32 /usr/lib/libalpm.so -> libalpm.so.11.0.0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root     17 Jun  1 00:32 /usr/lib/libalpm.so.11 -> libalpm.so.11.0.0
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 223616 Jun  1 00:32 /usr/lib/libalpm.so.11.0.0

But the package-query is still searching libalpm.so.10:

$ ldd /usr/bin/package-query
        linux-vdso.so.1 (0x00007fffb1d8d000)
        libcurl.so.4 => /usr/lib/libcurl.so.4 (0x00007f4baee32000)
        libyajl.so.2 => /usr/lib/libyajl.so.2 (0x00007f4baec28000)
        libalpm.so.10 => not found
        libc.so.6 => /usr/lib/libc.so.6 (0x00007f4bae86c000)
        libnghttp2.so.14 => /usr/lib/libnghttp2.so.14 (0x00007f4bae647000)
......

The solution is removing yaourt and package-query, and re-intall them:

$ sudo pacman -Rn yaourt package-query
$ sudo pacman -S fakeroot
$ git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/package-query.git
$ cd package-query
$ makepkg -si
$ git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yaourt.git
$ cd yaourt
$ makepkg -si

That’s it!

14 thoughts on “Fix “error while loading shared libraries: libalpm.so.10” on ArchLinux”

  1. Note that should be no need to uninstall yaourt and package-query before reinstalling them.

    If you happen to have the Git repositories already on your system, then you can rebuild them by running ‘git pull’ inside and then running ‘makepkg -sif’.

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