以下摘自The Go Programming Language

Each call to new returns a distinct variable with a unique address:
p := new(int)
q := new(int)
fmt.Println(p == q) // “false”
There is one exception to this rule: two variables whose type carries no information and is therefore of size zero, such as struct{} or [0]int, may, depending on the implementation, have the same address.
The new function is relatively rarely used because the most common unnamed variables are of struct types, for which the struct literal syntax is more flexible.

Since new is a predeclared function, not a keyword, it’s possible to redefine the name for something else within a function, for example:
func delta(old, new int) int { return new – old }
Of course, within delta, the built-in new function is unavailable.



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