NUMA系统上,由于不同CPU直接访问本地内存和远端内存的时间相差很大,所以更好地调度算法就显得很重要。Linux kernel引入了scheduling domain的概念。可以参看下面例子:

[root@localhost ~]# cd /proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/
[root@localhost sched_domain]# ls
cpu0  cpu1  cpu2  cpu3  cpu4  cpu5  cpu6  cpu7
[root@localhost sched_domain]# ls -alt *
cpu0:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu1:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu2:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu3:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu4:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu5:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu6:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

cpu7:
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain0
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 20:06 domain1
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 1 root root 0 Feb 26 19:37 ..

/proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/目录下每个CPU都有一个自己的目录,并且每个CPU目录下都有和自己相关的domain信息。

multi-level系统中,也拥有multi-levelscheduling domain(内核中结构体是struct sched_domain)。每个scheduling domain包含一组共享属性和调度策略的CPU;每个scheduling domain包含至少一个或多个CPU group(内核中结构体是struct sched_group),每个CPU group会被scheduling domain看做一个独立的单元。

scheduling domain的核心代码位于kernel\sched\core.c中,关于/proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/cpu$/domain$中各个文件的含义,都可以在这里找到。

NUMA系统上,如果一个node利用率非常高,比如高于90%,而另一个node利用率可能只有60%~70%,这时可以尝试disable wakeup affinity

参考资料:
Scheduling domains
sched-domains.txt
Does domain0 in /proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/cpu$ refer top-level domain in the system?
How to understan /proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/cpu$/domain$/flags?