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Shark代码分析笔记(3)——shark_init.lua

Posted by nanxiao on 八月 13, 2015 in Shark代码分析笔记 |

看一下shark_init.lua这个文件(省去版权信息):

local uv = require("uv")
local ffi = require("ffi")

package.path = package.path .. ";./deps/?.lua"
package.cpath = package.cpath .. ";./deps/?.so"

-- microsecond precision
ffi.cdef[[
typedef long time_t;

typedef struct timeval {
    time_t tv_sec;
    time_t tv_usec;
} timeval;

int gettimeofday(struct timeval *t, void *tzp);
]]

local gettimeofday_struct = ffi.new("timeval")

shark.gettimeofday = function()
  ffi.C.gettimeofday(gettimeofday_struct, nil)
  return tonumber(gettimeofday_struct.tv_sec) * 1000000 +
         tonumber(gettimeofday_struct.tv_usec)
end

set_interval = function(callback, interval)
  local timer = uv.new_timer()
  local function ontimeout()
    callback(timer)
  end
  uv.timer_start(timer, interval, interval, ontimeout)
  return timer
end

set_timeout = function(callback, timeout)
  local timer = uv.new_timer()
  local function ontimeout()
    uv.timer_stop(timer)
    uv.close(timer)
    callback(timer)
  end
  uv.timer_start(timer, timeout, 0, ontimeout)
  return timer
end

local shark_end_notify_list = {}

shark.add_end_notify = function(callback)
  table.insert(shark_end_notify_list, callback)
end

shark.on_end = function(callback)
  local function call_end()
    --notify registered on_end function
    for _, cb in pairs(shark_end_notify_list) do
      cb()
    end

    callback()
    os.exit(0)
  end
  local sigint = uv.new_signal()
  uv.signal_start(sigint, "sigint", function()
    call_end()
  end)

  local sigterm = uv.new_signal()
  uv.signal_start(sigterm, "sigterm", function()
    call_end()
  end)
end


---------------------------------------------------------------

local function fill_line(n, max)
  for i = 1, max do
    if i < n then
      io.write("*")
    else
      io.write(" ")
    end
  end
end

-- standard histogram print function
-- all type keys and number value
local __print_hist = function(t, cmp_func, mode)
  local stdSum = 0
  local array = {}

  for k, v in pairs(t) do
    stdSum = stdSum + v
    if tostring(k) ~= "" then
      array[#array + 1] = {k = k, v = v}
    end
  end

  table.sort(array, function(v1, v2)
    if cmp_func ~= nil then
      return cmp_func(v1.v, v2.v)
    else
      if v1.v > v2.v then return true end
    end
  end)

  if mode == "default" then
    io.write("                          value  ---------- Distribution ----------  count\n")
  end

  for k, v in pairs(array) do
    if mode == "default" then
      io.write(string.format("%33s |", tostring(v.k)))
      fill_line(v.v * 34 / stdSum, 34)
      io.write(string.format("| %d\n", v.v))
    else
      io.write(string.format("%s\n%d\n", tostring(v.k), v.v))
    end
  end
end

function print_hist(t, cmp_func)
  __print_hist(t, cmp_func, "default")
end


function print_hist_raw(t, cmp_func)
  __print_hist(t, cmp_func, "raw")
end

shark.print_hist = print_hist
shark.print_hist_raw = print_hist_raw

(1)

local uv = require("uv")
local ffi = require("ffi")

package.path = package.path .. ";./deps/?.lua"
package.cpath = package.cpath .. ";./deps/?.so"

require("uv")加载luv模块(在main函数中已经将luaopen_luv注册进了package.preload table),require("ffi")加载luajit中的ffi模块。
然后修改package.pathpackage.cpath,这样可以找到shark依赖的lua文件和库。

(2)

-- microsecond precision
ffi.cdef[[
typedef long time_t;

typedef struct timeval {
    time_t tv_sec;
    time_t tv_usec;
} timeval;

int gettimeofday(struct timeval *t, void *tzp);
]]

local gettimeofday_struct = ffi.new("timeval")

shark.gettimeofday = function()
  ffi.C.gettimeofday(gettimeofday_struct, nil)
  return tonumber(gettimeofday_struct.tv_sec) * 1000000 +
         tonumber(gettimeofday_struct.tv_usec)
end

ffi.new()返回一个cdata类型的值。shark.gettimeofday返回的是当前时间的微秒(us)值。

(3)

set_interval = function(callback, interval)
  local timer = uv.new_timer()
  local function ontimeout()
    callback(timer)
  end
  uv.timer_start(timer, interval, interval, ontimeout)
  return timer
end

set_timeout = function(callback, timeout)
  local timer = uv.new_timer()
  local function ontimeout()
    uv.timer_stop(timer)
    uv.close(timer)
    callback(timer)
  end
  uv.timer_start(timer, timeout, 0, ontimeout)
  return timer
end

set_intervalset_timeout利用了luv模块中定时器相关函数。set_interval函数会让callback函数间隔interval时间执行。而set_timeout函数会让callback函数在timeout后执行,且执行一次。要注意这两个函数的时间单位是毫秒(ms)。

(4)

local shark_end_notify_list = {}

shark.add_end_notify = function(callback)
  table.insert(shark_end_notify_list, callback)
end

创建一个shark_end_notify_listtable,并且定义一个shark.add_end_notify的函数。这个函数的作用是向shark_end_notify_list添加回调函数(callback),这个table中的函数会在shark.on_end这个函数中调用,也就是在脚本退出时执行收尾工作。

(5)

shark.on_end = function(callback)
  local function call_end()
    --notify registered on_end function
    for _, cb in pairs(shark_end_notify_list) do
      cb()
    end

    callback()
    os.exit(0)
  end
  local sigint = uv.new_signal()
  uv.signal_start(sigint, "sigint", function()
    call_end()
  end)

  local sigterm = uv.new_signal()
  uv.signal_start(sigterm, "sigterm", function()
    call_end()
  end)
end

shark.on_end函数的参数是一个回调函数(callback)。在shark.on_end里定义了一个local函数:call_endcall_end首先会遍历shark_end_notify_list,并把其中的函数都执行一遍,最后调用shark.on_end函数传入的回调函数(callback)。 call_end函数就是shark.on_end函数为sigintsigterm信号注册的信号处理函数。

(6)

local function fill_line(n, max)
  for i = 1, max do
    if i < n then
      io.write("*")
    else
      io.write(" ")
    end
  end
end

fill_line函数用来输出*,用在接下来的__print_hist函数中。

(7)

-- standard histogram print function
-- all type keys and number value
local __print_hist = function(t, cmp_func, mode)
  local stdSum = 0
  local array = {}

  for k, v in pairs(t) do
    stdSum = stdSum + v
    if tostring(k) ~= "" then
      array[#array + 1] = {k = k, v = v}
    end
  end

  table.sort(array, function(v1, v2)
    if cmp_func ~= nil then
      return cmp_func(v1.v, v2.v)
    else
      if v1.v > v2.v then return true end
    end
  end)

  if mode == "default" then
    io.write("                          value  ---------- Distribution ----------  count\n")
  end

  for k, v in pairs(array) do
    if mode == "default" then
      io.write(string.format("%33s |", tostring(v.k)))
      fill_line(v.v * 34 / stdSum, 34)
      io.write(string.format("| %d\n", v.v))
    else
      io.write(string.format("%s\n%d\n", tostring(v.k), v.v))
    end
  end
end

__print_hist函数用来打印柱状图。

  local stdSum = 0
  local array = {}

  for k, v in pairs(t) do
    stdSum = stdSum + v
    if tostring(k) ~= "" then
      array[#array + 1] = {k = k, v = v}
    end
  end

输入参数t是一个table。以上代码是遍历这个table,并且生成一个新的“array table”。这个array的值又是一个table:包含输入tablekeyvalue

table.sort(array, function(v1, v2)
    if cmp_func ~= nil then
      return cmp_func(v1.v, v2.v)
    else
      if v1.v > v2.v then return true end
    end
  end)

以上代码是对array进行排序。如果没有输入cmp_func函数参数,就用默认的比较方式。

if mode == "default" then
    io.write("                          value  ---------- Distribution ----------  count\n")
  end

  for k, v in pairs(array) do
    if mode == "default" then
      io.write(string.format("%33s |", tostring(v.k)))
      fill_line(v.v * 34 / stdSum, 34)
      io.write(string.format("| %d\n", v.v))
    else
      io.write(string.format("%s\n%d\n", tostring(v.k), v.v))
    end
  end

以上代码就是打印最后的柱状图了。输出结果类似:

                           value  ---------- Distribution ----------  count
  syscalls:sys_enter_gettimeofday |********                          | 25940
   syscalls:sys_exit_gettimeofday |********                          | 25940
    syscalls:sys_enter_epoll_wait |****                              | 12977
     syscalls:sys_exit_epoll_wait |****                              | 12977
          syscalls:sys_exit_alarm |*                                 | 3917

 

(8)

function print_hist(t, cmp_func)
  __print_hist(t, cmp_func, "default")
end


function print_hist_raw(t, cmp_func)
  __print_hist(t, cmp_func, "raw")
end

shark.print_hist = print_hist
shark.print_hist_raw = print_hist_raw

最后就是把__print_hist封装出shark.print_histshark.print_hist_raw两个函数供其它程序调用。

 

 

 

 

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