Linux kernel 笔记 (31)——“make help”命令

make help命令列出编译kernel时的选项帮助信息:

linux-4cy8:/usr/src/linux/build # make help
make -C /usr/src/linux-3.0.101-63 O=/usr/src/linux-3.0.101-63/build/. help
Cleaning targets:
  clean           - Remove most generated files but keep the config and
                    enough build support to build external modules
  mrproper        - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files
  distclean       - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files

Configuration targets:
  config          - Update current config utilising a line-oriented program
  nconfig         - Update current config utilising a ncurses menu based program
  menuconfig      - Update current config utilising a menu based program
  xconfig         - Update current config utilising a QT based front-end
  gconfig         - Update current config utilising a GTK based front-end
  oldconfig       - Update current config utilising a provided .config as base
  localmodconfig  - Update current config disabling modules not loaded
  localyesconfig  - Update current config converting local mods to core
  silentoldconfig - Same as oldconfig, but quietly, additionally update deps
  defconfig       - New config with default from ARCH supplied defconfig
  savedefconfig   - Save current config as ./defconfig (minimal config)
  allnoconfig     - New config where all options are answered with no
  allyesconfig    - New config where all options are accepted with yes
  allmodconfig    - New config selecting modules when possible
  alldefconfig    - New config with all symbols set to default
  randconfig      - New config with random answer to all options
  listnewconfig   - List new options
  oldnoconfig     - Same as silentoldconfig but set new symbols to n (unset)

Other generic targets:
  all             - Build all targets marked with [*]
* vmlinux         - Build the bare kernel
* modules         - Build all modules
  modules_install - Install all modules to INSTALL_MOD_PATH (default: /)
  firmware_install- Install all firmware to INSTALL_FW_PATH
                    (default: $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware)
  dir/            - Build all files in dir and below
  dir/file.[oisS] - Build specified target only
  dir/file.lst    - Build specified mixed source/assembly target only
                    (requires a recent binutils and recent build (
  dir/file.ko     - Build module including final link
  modules_prepare - Set up for building external modules
  tags/TAGS       - Generate tags file for editors
  cscope          - Generate cscope index
  gtags           - Generate GNU GLOBAL index
  kernelrelease   - Output the release version string
  kernelversion   - Output the version stored in Makefile
  headers_install - Install sanitised kernel headers to INSTALL_HDR_PATH
                    (default: /usr/src/linux-3.0.101-63/build/usr)

Static analysers
  checkstack      - Generate a list of stack hogs
  namespacecheck  - Name space analysis on compiled kernel
  versioncheck    - Sanity check on version.h usage
  includecheck    - Check for duplicate included header files
  export_report   - List the usages of all exported symbols
  headers_check   - Sanity check on exported headers
  headerdep       - Detect inclusion cycles in headers
  coccicheck      - Check with Coccinelle.

Kernel packaging:
  rpm-pkg             - Build both source and binary RPM kernel packages
  binrpm-pkg          - Build only the binary kernel package
  deb-pkg             - Build the kernel as an deb package
  tar-pkg             - Build the kernel as an uncompressed tarball
  targz-pkg           - Build the kernel as a gzip compressed tarball
  tarbz2-pkg          - Build the kernel as a bzip2 compressed tarball
  tarxz-pkg           - Build the kernel as a xz compressed tarball
  perf-tar-src-pkg    - Build perf-3.0.101.tar source tarball
  perf-targz-src-pkg  - Build perf-3.0.101.tar.gz source tarball
  perf-tarbz2-src-pkg - Build perf-3.0.101.tar.bz2 source tarball
  perf-tarxz-src-pkg  - Build perf-3.0.101.tar.xz source tarball

Documentation targets:
 Linux kernel internal documentation in different formats:
  htmldocs        - HTML
  pdfdocs         - PDF
  psdocs          - Postscript
  xmldocs         - XML DocBook
  mandocs         - man pages
  installmandocs  - install man pages generated by mandocs
  cleandocs       - clean all generated DocBook files

Architecture specific targets (x86):
* bzImage      - Compressed kernel image (arch/x86/boot/bzImage)
  install      - Install kernel using
                  (your) ~/bin/installkernel or
                  (distribution) /sbin/installkernel or
                  install to $(INSTALL_PATH) and run lilo
  fdimage      - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  fdimage144   - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  fdimage288   - Create 2.8MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)
  isoimage     - Create a boot CD-ROM image (arch/x86/boot/image.iso)
                  bzdisk/fdimage*/isoimage also accept:
                  FDARGS="..."  arguments for the booted kernel
                  FDINITRD=file initrd for the booted kernel

  i386_defconfig           - Build for i386
  x86_64_defconfig         - Build for x86_64

  make V=0|1 [targets] 0 => quiet build (default), 1 => verbose build
  make V=2   [targets] 2 => give reason for rebuild of target
  make O=dir [targets] Locate all output files in "dir", including .config
  make C=1   [targets] Check all c source with $CHECK (sparse by default)
  make C=2   [targets] Force check of all c source with $CHECK
  make W=n   [targets] Enable extra gcc checks, n=1,2,3 where
                1: warnings which may be relevant and do not occur too often
                2: warnings which occur quite often but may still be relevant
                3: more obscure warnings, can most likely be ignored
                Multiple levels can be combined with W=12 or W=123
  make RECORDMCOUNT_WARN=1 [targets] Warn about ignored mcount sections

Execute "make" or "make all" to build all targets marked with [*]
For further info see the ./README file