以下摘自The Go Programming Language

The increment statement i++ adds 1 to i ; it’s equivalent to i += 1 which is in turn equivalent to i = i + 1 . There’s a corresponding decrement statement i– that subtracts 1. These are statements, not expressions as the y are in most languages in the C family, so j = i++ is illegal, and the y are postfix only, so –i is not legal either.